Scientific name: Phacochoerus africanus
Population size: Approximately 250,000
Conservation status: Least Concern
ALL ABOUT WARTHOGS:
The warthog is a tough, sturdy animal. Both males and females are distinguished by disproportionately large heads and “warts” — thick protective pads that appear on both sides of the head. Their large tusks are unusual: the two upper tusks emerge from the sides of the snout to form a semicircle; the lower tusks, at the base of the uppers, are worn to a sharp-cutting edge. Warthogs characteristically carry their tails upright when they run, the tuft waving like a tiny flag. They are found in moist and arid savannas. They avoid rainforests, deserts, and high mountains.
Human-wildlife conflict poses a threat to warthogs: Warthogs are killed for raiding wheat, rice, beans, or groundnut fields. In some agricultural areas, people are also eliminating this species, as they can potentially carry African swine fever.
Information via AWF